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Bitcoint

Bitcoint

Bitcoin je nezávislá internetová open-source kryptomena, ktorou sa dá platiť prostredníctvom úplne decentralizovanej P2P siete. Jedinečnosť Bitcoinu je jeho úplná decentralizácia. Je zámerne navrhnutá tak, aby nikto, vrátane jej autorov, záujmových skupín alebo vlád, nevedel menu nijako umelo ovplyvňovať, falšovať, aby vôbec nebolo možné zhabať Bitcoin účty, kontrolovať tok peňazí alebo spôsobovať infláciu. V sieti neexistuje nijaký centrálny bod, ani nikto, kto by vedel o sieti rozhodovať. Bitcoin je deflačná mena. Celkové množstvo peňazí je konečné a je dopredu známe a jeho uvoľňovanie do obehu sa definuje iba matematickými zákonmi. V sieti prebiehajú platby za minimálne alebo nulové náklady.

Sieť funguje od roku 2009, keď ju opísal a vytvoril človek so pseudonymom Satoshi Nakamoto. Zrejme kvôli povahe projektu autor nikdy nezverejnil svoju skutočnú identitu a krátko po väčšom rozšírení Bitcoinu v roku 2010 sa odmlčal úplne. Dnes existuje na platby oficiálny softvérový klient, o ktorý sa starajú dobrovoľníci z celého sveta a niekoľko alternatívnych klientov.

Od roku 2011 sa o Bitcoine, ekonomike, možnostiach a dôsledkoch tejto meny usporiadavajú konferencie, a to v New Yorku, v Prahe a v Londýne.

V septembri 2012 vznikla Bitcoin Foundation starajúca sa o infraštruktúru Bitcoinu, vrátane hlavného klienta, sledovanie hrozieb, prípadne zlepšovanie protokolu, zabezpečovanie konferencií a propagovanie meny. Vzhľadom na decentralizovanú povahu siete, nemá nadácia nijaké mimoriadne právomoci. V sieti rozhodne vždy väčšina, bez ohľadu na Bitcoin Foundation.
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